nkamais augstk iepriekjais saturs Angu valoda DU TSC
Nkamais: ''HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY?" Augstk: ang1 Iepriekjais: A BROKEN VASE

Read the story and get a general idea.

HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY

A woodman was once working on the bank of a deep river. Suddenly his axe slipped from his hand and dropped into the water.

"Oh! I have lost my axe," he cried. "What shall I do? The water is very deep and I am afraid to dive into it. What shall I do? Who can help me?"

Mercury heard the poor man's cries and appeared before him.

"What is the matter, poor woodman?" he asked. "What has happened that you are so sad and unhappy?"

Mercury listened to the man's story and then said: "Perhaps I can help you." He dived into the river and brought up a golden axe. "Is this yours?" he asked. "No, that is not mine," was the answer. Mercury dived a second time and this time brought up a silver axe. "Is this yours?" he asked. Again the answer was: "No." So Mercury dived a third time and this time brought up the very axe that the woodman had lost. "That is my axe," cried the man. "Yes, that is my own good axe. Now I can work again."

Mercury was so pleased with the fellow's honesty that he at once made him a present of the other two axes and disappeared before the fellow could even say: "Thank you."

The woodman went home very pleased with his good luck. He told his friends all about it and one of them decided to try his luck. So he went to the same place, dropped his axe into the river, and cried out: "Oh! I have lost my axe. What shall I do? Who can help me?"

Mercury appeared as before, and when he learnt that the man had lost his axe, he dived into the river. Again he brought up a golden axe. "Is this yours?'' he asked.

"Yes, it is," said the second woodman. "You are not telling me the truth," said Mercury. "You shall neither have this axe nor the one that you so foolishly dropped into the water."


EXERCISES

I Learn and practise the pronunciation of the following vocabulary.


1. a woodman - malkas cirtjs - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

2. on the bank - krast - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{ }}$

3. to slip - izsldt - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

4. to drop - nokrist - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

5. to lose (lost) - zaudt - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

6. deep - dzi - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

7. to dive - nirt - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

8. Mercury ['me:kjuri] - Merkrijs - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

9. to hear (heard) - dzirdt - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

10. a cry - kliedziens - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

11. to appear - pardties - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

12. What is the matter? - Kas par lietu? - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{ 
?}}$

13. to happen - gadties - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

14. to bring - atnest - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

15. an axe - cirvis - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

16. the very axe - tas pats cirvis - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{ 
}}$

17. my own - persongi mans - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{ }}$

18. to be pleased - bt iekrojamam - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{
}}$

19. honesty - godgums - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{}}$

20. to try one's luck - izmint laimi - $\text{\selectlanguage{russian}\inputencoding{cp1251}{
 }}$



II Answer the questions.


1. Where did the woodman work?

2. What happened to his axe?

3. Who could help him?

4. Did Mercury get the woodman's axe in the first dive?

5. What did Mercury get in the second dive?

6. When did Mercury get the woodman's axe?

7. Was the woodman happy to get his axe back?

8. Did Mercury like the woodman's honesty?

9. What present did Mercury make to the woodman?

10. Whom did the woodman tell about his luck?

11. Who decided to try his luck too?

12. What did the woodman's friend cry, when he dropped his axe into the river?

13. Did Mercury come to help the woodman's friend?

14. Was the woodman's friend honest?

15. Did Mercury like the woodman friend's behaviour?

16. Did the woodman's friend get any reward?



III Read and reproduce the dialogues.


1.

W. Oh! I have lost my axe! What shall I do? It has fallen into the water. Who can help me?

M. What is the matter, poor woodman?

W. Oh! My axe is in the water! And me river is very deep.

M. Don't be so sad and unhappy! Perhaps I can help you.

W. Be so kind! I'll be very thankful to you.

M. Is this axe yours?

W. Oh, no. This is a golden axe.

M. And what about this one?

W. No, thank you. This is a silver axe.

M. What can you say about this axe?

W. That is my own good axe, thank you very much.

M. And these two axes are a present to you for your honesty!

W. Thank you very much.

2.

W. Oh! I have lost my axe. What shall I do?

M. What has happened to you? Why are you so sad and unhappy?

W. I've dropped my axe into the river.

M. Don't worry! I can help you. Is this axe yours?

W. Oh yes, this golden axe is just mine.

M. You are not telling me the truth. You shall neither have this axe nor the one that you so foolishly dropped into the water.



IY Make up and act out dialogues, using the following vocabulary.


1. To lose (lost), an axe, what shall I do?, to fall into the water, to help somebody, what is the matter? Deep, sad, unhappy, golden, silver, my own, thank you, a present, honesty.

2. What has happened to you? I've dropped my axe, don't worry, I can help you, to tell the truth, neither ... nor, foolishly, to drop.



Y Prove it by the facts from the story.


1. A woodman was once working on the bank of a deep river.

2. The woodman was unhappy when he had dropped his axe into the river.

3. Mercury helped the woodman.

4. The woodman was honest.

5. The woodman got a reward.

6. The woodman's friend was a bad man.

7. The woodman's friend was punished.



YI Retell the story according to the given plan.


1. A woodman was once working on the bank of a deep river.

2. He dropped his axe into the water and couldn't get it.

3. Mercury helped die woodman to get die axe.

4. Mercury tried the woodman's honesty.

5. Mercury awarded the woodman.

6. The woodman's friend envied the woodman.

7. Mercury understood what kind of man the woodman's friend was.

8. Mercury didn't give the woodman's friend anything.



YII Topics for discussion.


1. What do you learn about the woodman?

2. What do we know about the woodman's friend?

3. What is Mercury?

4. Comment on the title of the story.

5. What would you do in the woodman's place?

6. What do you know about your friend? (Is he reliable? Is he honest? What character traits do you like in him?)

7. Is honesty the best policy?

8. What is better honesty or richness?

9. Do you know any dishonest people?

10. Is it pleasant to communicate with dishonest people?

11. Can you name any literary characters who were very honest and noble?

12. What character trait do you consider the best?


nkamais augstk iepriekjais saturs Angu valoda DU TSC
Nkamais: ''HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY?" Augstk: ang1 Iepriekjais: A BROKEN VASE

2002-06-06